Marriage: the 13th Rite of Passage in Hindu Culture
Contact Author Does dating exist in India? The answer would be Yes. However, does dating exist in India as it does in other Western Countries? If this is dating, then it is evident that India has a long way to streamline this into its culture In fact, it can be said that the concept of dating in Indian culture takes an altogether different meaning. Here, culture, caste, religion and the level of education are some of the important deciding factors in a relationship that should end in marriage. Earlier, parents were given the responsibility to find the best match for their children. Many a time, the marriage is fixed say, engaged even when the bride or groom are kids so that they grow up and then enter into the relationship of marriage. This is a very contrasting practice to what happens in Western countries. However, there have been an increasing number of cases wherein there are couples who decide to tie the knot without bothering about the caste, religion or the expectations of their parents— many a time, the parents never accept them back into their lives and it is considered as a crime or as an act of embarrassment. Nowadays, there have been considerable changes at the Indian dating front.
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Here’s how the dating game has been played in various cultures over the years. The Apple of My Armpit Talk about a real test of devotion: At the end of the evening, the girl would give her used fruit to the guy she most fancied. You’re Sew Pretty The Puritans were predictably a little leery of wedding rings, which they saw as frivolous.
Punjab (the land of five rivers) is the biggest land area of Pakistan and is popularly known for its culture. It shares most of its cultural and carnival values with Indian culture.
It is in the major outlook on relationships that Indians are vastly different, in the way they perceive the institution of marriage, to those beliefs of other countries especially in the west. Many people have a pretty major misunderstanding of the topic of arranged marriages and in fact have a fairly negative attitude regarding arranged marriages. The best way to understand the reasoning behind such cultures is to put aside your own beliefs, opinions, and preconceived ideas in order to see more clearly before dismissing it as wrong.
Here are some points to better understand the Culture of Arranged Marriages in India: The Acceptance of Arranged Marriages in India Although most westerners cannot fathom marrying someone they do not love, it is incredibly interesting to note that arranged marriages is not something which is fought against, or a source of protest among the young of India. The truth, surprisingly, is the exact opposite, many of the youth in India prefer arranged marriages, as it gives them the time and the ability to enjoy their youth without the constant worry and struggle of relationships that comes about in western culture.
The west generally believe that one needs to have live-in relationship or a long courtship before they can get married to know whether they are sexually as well as generally compatible or not.
Marriage is the 13th rite of passage that is considered as a transition from the first stage of life. Marriage is referred to as the Vivaah Sanskar, a serious leap from the first to the second stages of life. Marriage ceremonies The rituals observed in Hindu marriage vary according to region. Nonetheless, the basic rituals that are commonly practiced in any Hindu wedding are the Kanyadaan, Panigrahana and Saptapadi, which entail the giving away of the daughter by her father, holding hands between the man and woman by the fire to symbolize union and making seven steps while vowing or promising to each other.
The fire, considered sacred, is very significant in Hindu weddings because it is the main witness to the unification of a couple before their respective families and acquaintances. Rituals Necessary rituals are conducted before and after the wedding celebration, which again vary according to region or the predisposition of the groom and bride and families.
The culture of India refers collectively to the thousands of distinct and unique cultures of all religions and communities present in ‘s languages, religions, dance, music, architecture, food, and customs differ from place to place within the culture, often labeled as an amalgamation of several cultures, spans across the Indian subcontinent and has been influenced by.
Find out more Essentials Planning your trip Books Features Cultural differences extend to all sorts of little things. While allowances will usually be made for foreigners, visitors unacquainted with Indian customs may need a little preparation to avoid causing offence or making fools of themselves. Eating and the right-hand rule The biggest minefield of potential faux pas has to do with eating.
This is usually done with the fingers, and requires practice to get absolutely right. In India, as right across Asia, the left hand is for wiping your bottom, cleaning your feet and other unsavoury functions you also put on and take off your shoes with your left hand , while the right hand is for eating, shaking hands and so on. While you can hold a cup or utensil in your left hand, and you can get away with using it to help tear your chapatti, you should not eat, pass food or wipe your mouth with your left hand.
This rule extends beyond food. In general, you should accept things given to you with your right hand — though using both hands is a sign of respect. This custom also protects you from things like hepatitis. It is customary to wash your hands before and after eating. When entering a temple or mosque, remove your shoes and leave them at the door socks are acceptable and protect your feet from burning-hot stone ground.
Some temples — Jain ones in particular — do not allow you to enter wearing or carrying leather articles, and forbid entry to menstruating women.
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S Iygenar 2 Hinduism contains within it six major schools of thought, or darshanas: Thus, Hindu philosophy is often described as Vedic or the Vedic tradition. Also uniting the darshanas is the concept of pluralism, the belief that multiple paths exist to reach liberation, or moksha, or unity with God and escape from the cyle of birth and death.
As Christianity expanded leaving in its trail genocides,pillage and the destruction of indigenous pagan traditions it couldn’t always break the spirit of the common people it persecuted who still prayed to the old gods and celebrated them in most cases secretly. So the church had another method of destroying the ancient traditions by Christianizing the traditional pagan festivals and legends.
The Hindu ceremony consists of the priest or brahmin officiating. The bride and groom stand on a decorated wood plank and the priests holds a curtain between them. The bridal party stands behind the bride. The priest chants songs and guest shower rice and other grains over the couple. The wedding begins when the curtain is removed and garllands of sandlewood chips are placed around the neck of the bride and groom. The brides father gives her to the groom and then they perform an upliftment of Dharma Dharma meaning right conduct, Artha for prosperity and Karma for the enjoyment of legitiment gratification.
The bride applies sandlewood paste to the grooms forehead, the groom then applies a red mark on the brides forehead to display for as long as they are married. Then puffed rice and purified butter from the hands of the bride and groom are thrown into the fire. This represents the radiant one. Then the darkness is removed by the priest chanting matras, which are blessings.
The vows are made before the fire that represent the diety.
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Tweet Roman Catholicism has many traditions and beliefs that are rooted in paganism. Here are points of similarity between Catholicism and Hinduism: Hindus worship many gods and Catholics worship many saints, both with the burning of candles and incense before statues. Both use images, icons, music, and ritual prayers as means to create an atmosphere of worship.
Read about these practices being used in the Spiritual Formation movement 2.
In addition to being in a new country, the couple were new to each other. Their marriage had been arranged. Turns out even love can use a little help every now and then, and the age-old practice of arranged Hindu marriages is getting a 21st-century makeover. Sapna Thakur, 34, recently moved to the Bay Area and attended Mittal’s first mixer in February, a Valentine’s Day-themed singles party. Give it a shot,” she thought before going. I had a nice time. Even as singles‘ attitudes on dating change, Hindu tradition still holds sway through mixers, matrimony websites and matchmakers.
Within Indian culture which is predominantly Hindu , marriage is as much about families coming together as it is about couples coming together. Hinduism orders families into four major castes and thousands of sub-castes, each with their own particular ritual role or profession. Ideally, a couple must be in the same sub-caste, region and religion.
Priests also compare their horoscopes to ensure compatibility. Especially in Indian villages, matchmaking tends to be informal, using “extensive kinship networks,” said Lindsey Harlan, chair of religious studies at Connecticut College.
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Kim Knott Hindu History The history of Hinduism is unique among the world religions in that it has no founder or date of origin. While most major religions derive from new ideas taught by a charismatic leader, Hinduism is simply the religion of the people of India, which has gradually developed over four thousand years. The origins and authors of its sacred texts are largely unknown.
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After that he dies. So a Brahma lives for 36, Kalpas, or 36, x 2, x 4,30, human years — i. After the death of each Brahma, there is a Mahapralaya or Cosmic deluge, when all the universe is destroyed. Then a new Brahma appears and creation starts all over again. Refer to Sciences of the Ancient Hindus: Unlocking Nature in the Pursuit of Salvation — By Alok Kumar Time in Hindu mythology is conceived as a wheel turning through vast cycles of creation and destruction pralaya , known as kalpa.
In the words of famous writer, Joseph Campbell: Not so alien to the imagery of modern science that it could not have been put to acceptable use. The Bible had been the yardstick for measuring time, but the infinitely vast time cycles of India suggested that the world was much older than anything the Bible spoke of. It seem as if the Indian mind was better prepared for the chronological mutations of Darwinian evolution and astrophysics.
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With no offense to Moses, I had to agree. I lived in India for about three years and my husband currently known as my husPad, thanks to his appropriating the iPad he “gave me,” — but that is another column is from New Delhi, which, in addition to providing me with lots of Indian friends and in-laws, have given me a pretty good perspective on the desirability of the people from the world’s largest democracy — and how to woo them. Before getting to “how,” let’s start with “why. Indians dominate as engineers, doctors, lawyers, venture capitalists and entrepreneurs.
They make up a large proportion of our graduate students — just walk around the campuses of Harvard, Columbia or Stanford or and you will see these incredibly attractive brown people all over the place.
Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast sm has been called the oldest religion in the world, and some practitioners and scholars refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal tradition”, or the “eternal way”, beyond human history. Scholars regard Hinduism as a fusion or synthesis of various.
By the 13th century, Hindustan emerged as a popular alternative name of India , meaning the “land of Hindus”. These texts used it to distinguish Hindus from Muslims who are called Yavanas foreigners or Mlecchas barbarians , with the 16th-century Chaitanya Charitamrita text and the 17th century Bhakta Mala text using the phrase “Hindu dharma”.
The term Hinduism, then spelled Hindooism, was introduced into the English language in the 18th-century to denote the religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions native to India. In India the term dharma is preferred, which is broader than the western term religion. The study of India and its cultures and religions, and the definition of “Hinduism”, has been shaped by the interests of colonialism and by Western notions of religion.
Hindu denominations AUM , a stylised letter of Devanagari script, used as a religious symbol in Hinduism Hinduism as it is commonly known can be subdivided into a number of major currents. Of the historical division into six darsanas philosophies , two schools, Vedanta and Yoga , are currently the most prominent.
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The Problems and Status of Women in Hindu Society by Jayaram V We know from history that when men waged wars, it was the women who mostly suffered as they lost their husbands, sons, their honor, homes, and livelihood. Unfortunately, it has still been going on in many parts of the world. It is true that the worst victims of present day terrorism are also mostly women and children only.
Jayaram V India is one of the few countries where women enjoy a comparatively better status than many women in other parts of the world. True, Indian women still face many problems and are subject to the same social pressures which women experience in other parts of the world.
Yoga’s history has many places of obscurity and uncertainty due to its oral transmission of sacred texts and the secretive nature of its teachings. The early writings on yoga were transcribed on fragile palm leaves that were easily damaged, destroyed or lost. The development of yoga .
As is the case with every culture, dating someone from another ethnic group can be a bit trying. This is especially the case if that person happens to be from a nation that has extremely different customs than you have. When considering dating an Indian, there are certain things you should be aware of. Both men and women can benefit from understanding these cultural differences before going on that first date. Your guide to dating an Indian begins with understanding some common customs from the motherland.
Male Dominated Society Any woman who is considering dating an Indian man should understand right up front that there is no equality between the sexes in India. It is still a male dominated society and women are not treated with the same dignity that they are in the western world. A woman in India still has no choice as to whom she will date or to whom she will be married and will never make decisions of any kind without the prior approval of the man of the family.
It needs to be said that this is meant as no disrespect to you, it is just a difference in the way things are done in India. Before Asking and Indian Girl Out Women in the west have placed such an emphasis on equality that sometimes they lose their softer, more feminine side in the process. When all is said and done, men still like to be the boss in a relationship but bear in mind that it might become necessary to get permission to date that girl.
There are some definite pros and cons to dating an Indian girl and one of the pros is certainly not in the fact that the family needs to grant permission for you to date the daughter. When the First Date Becomes the Last Date Altogether too many times when dating an Indian for the first time, that first date becomes the last date.
We touched on the difference between the sexes, but there is more to the story than simple male dominance.
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By the 13th century, Hindustan emerged as a popular alternative name of India , meaning the “land of Hindus”. These texts used it to distinguish Hindus from Muslims who are called Yavanas foreigners or Mlecchas barbarians , with the 16th-century Chaitanya Charitamrita text and the 17th-century Bhakta Mala text using the phrase “Hindu dharma”. The term Hinduism, then spelled Hindooism, was introduced into the English language in the 18th century to denote the religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions native to India.
In India the term dharma is preferred, which is broader than the Western term religion.
Most Indo-Fijians are the descendants of indentured laborers brought to Fiji during the nineteenth century by the British. In the system of indentured labor, workers (who had been moved to a new country against their will) were forced to perform a job for little or no .
Hinduism and Premarital Relationships by Jayaram V This article presents a historical analysis of premarital sex, caste distinctions, and sexual mores of ancient Hindu communities in the context of changing traditional values among the youth and the new social challenges that may impact Hindu society. This subject is complex. Hence it may be revised further if research brings out new information. Hinduism is a complex religion.
Its beliefs and practices evolved over a long time. Hence, the rules governing the conduct of individuals in Hinduism are also very complex and at times ambiguous. In many respects, the rules are also specific to individuals according to their gender, caste, and social status. Therefore, what holds true for one group may not hold true for all. The Hindu law books suggest austerities for those who pursue liberation, and a balanced, holistic life for those who pursue worldly desires.
In Hinduism you will find support for both, with a range of intermediate approaches and mixed attitudes in between.